The cat disease , toxoplasmosis , causes a lot of confusion among pet tutors. It is an infectious disease caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii, but it is not contagious.
In the vast majority of cases, it is transmitted orally, as in the consumption of contaminated food and water. Keep reading this content to know how to prevent this disease in your pussy!
How to prevent cat disease?
Adult cats in good health do not always show symptoms of the disease. Because of the weakened immune system, the disease most often affects young or old animals .
Here are the observable signs and symptoms:
- loss of appetite;
- Yellowish mucous membranes (in cases of liver involvement);
- Abdominal discomfort (in cases of involvement of the pancreas);
- Difficulty breathing (in cases of pneumonia);
- Changes in behavior (in cases of involvement of the nervous system – such as, for example, in the brain);
The good news is that once the condition is diagnosed by a veterinarian, treatment and cure are possible. However, it is not recommended to medicate animals without a doctor’s prescription .
Antibiotics are prescribed, along with examinations and veterinary supervision. In addition, it is critical not to give your pet raw meat and to only feed it with prescribed foods, as well as keeping it indoors.
Check out some tips below to avoid Toxoplasmosis and other diseases that can affect your cat!
1. Cats without access to the street are less likely to contract diseases
As most owners know, the street is not a safe place, and keeping a pet at home can help prevent several diseases , including toxoplasmosis.
Domestic cats, kept indoors with little or no contact with the outside world, are difficult to become infected with. Therefore, it is worth investing in indoor fences to protect your cat.
To prevent your friend from taking a walk in the neighborhood, it is essential that all windows, balconies and tilting have protective screens . To create the famous catteries, the ideal is to invest in vertical and horizontal networks, as well as walls for animals that live in houses.
As a result, you can ensure your pet’s happiness and at the same time ensure their safety.
2. Always clean the litter box
In addition to leaving your pet at home, it is also necessary to maintain a frequent cleaning routine with your cat’s litter box . During the first five days after coming out in the cat’s droppings, the Toxoplasma parasite does not become infectious.
Therefore, by cleaning the litter box regularly, the risk of contamination is greatly reduced. In addition, when handling the box, the tutor must always wear rubber gloves .
In the case of pregnant women, for example, it is preferable to ask someone to complete the task. Remember that when it comes to your health and that of your cat, care is little.
3. Plenty of clean, fresh water available
In addition to toxoplasmosis, kidney disease in cats is frequent, due to the fact that cats do not like to drink a lot of water. Therefore, it is essential that the tutor encourages your kitty to drink water.
A tip is to put several cat water fountains around the house, as cats are too lazy to go to the nearest pot. The cat water fountain also encourages hydration.
The sachet for cats is a food that is an excellent way to encourage the consumption of liquids, as it contains a higher concentration of water than dry food.
4. Controlled feeding
It is possible that toxoplasmosis contamination also occurs through the consumption of contaminated game meat , such as poultry and rodents, and as the consumption of raw meat.
You should increase your attention to your cat’s diet. The first step is to remove any raw food from the cat’s diet, including chicken. If you want to feed your cat natural food, make sure the food is well cooked to eliminate all bacteria.
If your cat is raised outdoors, it’s a good idea to pay more attention to him so he doesn’t eat unsupervised.
5. Regular visits to the vet
Cats should visit the vet for regular checkups (not just when they are sick). This habit is vital, especially for the early detection of diseases, which increases the chances of curing or controlling the disease.
6. Brush the cat’s teeth
Regularly cleaning your cat’s teeth will help prevent problems that can cause severe headaches. In addition to causing bad breath, tartar -causing bacteria can enter the animal’s bloodstream and spread to other organs, resulting in a generalized infection .
7. Don’t leave your cat without vaccines
Vaccinations for cats are also essential to prevent serious illness . It is recommended that cats be immunized against rabies and there are other vaccines that, although not mandatory for felines, complement your pet’s health care.
8. Clean the cat’s ears
In addition to cleaning the teeth, cleaning the kitten’s ear also helps to prevent health problems. Hygiene prevents the proliferation of microorganisms that cause otitis and otodec, among other problems.
Cleaning should be done with cotton wool and an earwax remover recommended for pets, at least once every 15 days.
9. Brush the hair
Brushing the cat’s coat not only improves the feline’s appearance, but also prevents hairballs , which are harmful to health. And you will notice less hair spread around your home.
The frequency varies depending on the type of coat your cat has, but it is recommended that you brush at least once a week and more often when the cat is shedding.
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